This was photographed in Berlin on  and antifaschistlsche Cologne on . It was photographed again in Gera on  and in Karlsruhe, in November . Tomislav Todorovic, 5 June [See all footnoted sources below ] Variants with modified logos Solid black on a red disc Image by Tomislav Todorovic, 29 April ; derived from the SVG drawing of the logo from Wikimedia Commons Another variant, even less frequently used, has a further modified logo: the inscriptions and flags are all in black on a red disc, within a border composed of eight black cicrular segments, on red field.
The flag is also used abroad, e. In reality the focus is the struggle against the liberal democratic basic order, which is smeared as a 'capitalist system' with 'fascist' roots".
Anti-fascist action (germany)
Also note that the photo above also displays this variant flag as an evidence of its use as early as of While its use in Germany is thus verified, still this currently remains its only example, so it indeed seems to be used extremely rarely. Those who have no position on Israel or who see it as irrelevant to questions of contemporary anti-fascism in Germany. In Australia, it was photographed in Sydney, .
This was photographed in Berlin, on  and on , and in Bielefeld, on . Frequently, corporate interests, the government and especially the police and military are also included in their understanding of fascism.
See one example taken in Hamburg on . The flag was also photographed in Dresden, on , Frankfurt, on March  and Cottbus, on . The publication Antifaschistisches Infoblattin operation sincesought to expose radical nationalists publicly. Rather, the Aantifaschistische Aktion developed out of the practical participation.
Antifaschistische aktion flag - black - akuk the european home of ak press and distribution
The term anti-fascism was widely used by Marxist—Leninists to smear their opponents, including democratic socialistssocial democrats and other anti-Stalinist leftists. Tomislav Todorovic, 1 June [See all footnoted sources below ] Variants of the flag Image by Tomislav Todorovic, 1 June ; derived from the SVG drawing of the logo from Wikimedia Commons On this variant of the AFA flag, the logo is usually a bit larger, lacks the white fimbriation and inscription is in a different typeface.
For the photos which are currently available online [58, 59], time and place of making are not revealed, but the dating of the texts they accompany reveals that the flag is in use since at least This flag is also much used abroad. These flags are used about as frequently as those with red field.
Anti-fascist action (germany)
A rare example of its use abroad is from Russia, the photo having been made at an unspecified aition in early . In case of the red flag, the color shade is darker that on the flags bearing the modern logo. From Germany, this movement has spread to other countries, such as Francewhich face the same political problems. Tomislav Todorovic, 3 June Image by Tomislav Todorovic, 4 June ; derived from the SVG drawing of the logo from Wikimedia Commons On flags with black field, a variant of logo is sometimes used with both flags in black.
One of the latest photos dates from ; while the text it accompanies is about an event in Munich in October that year, the photo fllag have been taken earlier and elsewhere, for there is no specification of place and time in its antjfaschistische . As part of this struggle, all three factions organized their own paramilitary groups.
More recent photos date from Magdeburg, on , Rathenow, on  and Cologne, on . According to Pfahl-Traughber, one must distinguish between "fascism in a scholarly sense" and "fascism in a far-left extremist sense".
In Ireland the flag was photographed at football matches in Dublin, on and Belfast, on , The flag was used again in Cork onduring the vigil for Pavlos Fyssas, a Greek anti-fascist rapper who was murdered the day before in Athens by an ultra-rightist [15, 16]. Fpag by Tomislav Todorovic, 3 June ; derived from the SVG drawing of the logo from Wikimedia Commons The flag with reversed colors of akttion flags in the logo is used much more frequently.
In Munich, flag with the inscription in a different typeface was used on . Tomislav Todorovic, 4 June [See all footnoted sources below ] Variant with modified logo Image by Tomislav Todorovic, 4 June ; derived from the SVG drawing of the logo from Wikimedia Commons A rare variant of antifaaschistische flag with red field has both flags in red, as well as the border bearing the inscription; The flags are also larger, so that they are coned with the red border, and their staffs point towards the hoist, unlike seen in all akiton described variants of the logo; akrion last of these features may have been introduced under the influence of the 's logo of the Anti-Fascist Action [1, 2], although the flags' shape is basically the same as antifxschistische all other cases.
In Bitterfeld, it was photographed on [53, 54] and in Clausnitz, in February . Tomislav Todorovic, 2 June A photo of this flag was shot in Hamburg on at the demonstration organized as the reaction to an ultra-rightist rally which was planned for the same day, although it eventually did not take place, while this counter-demonstration did .
Antifa anarcho-communist flag antifaschistische aktion sticker
Jeffrey Herf argues that East Germany was waging an undeclared war on Israel  and that "East Germany played a salient role in the Soviet bloc's antagonism toward Israel". It featured a large Antifa logo flanked by imagery that showed the KPD fighting the capitalists next to imagery openly mocking the SPD. The name these groups took was originally introduced in by the Communist Party of Germany after the League of Red Front Fightersits original armed wing, was banned.
There are slogans such as "antifascism means attack" not only against the far-right, but also against the political system of the Federal Republic of Germany. In Kleve, it was photographed on  and in Hamburg, on . Karl-Liebknecht-Hausthe historical seat of the Communist Party of Germany and the Antifaschistische Aktionwith prominently displayed Antifa logo Antifaschistische Aktionthe first organization known as Antifxschistische, was established by the Communist Party of Germany KPD based on the principle of a communist front and its establishment was announced in the party's newspaper Die Rote Fahne The Red Flag in This usage was also adopted by communist parties affiliated with the Comintern such as the KPD.
The Antifaschistische Aktion Berlin, founded inbecame one of the more prominent groups.
The flag use has spread to other countries as well, with the original inscription kept unchanged regardless of the fact that German is not a native language there. One of its earliest photos was taken in Wunsiedel, Bavaria in .
The only currently found two photos of its use were taken in London, onat the Thatcher Death Party, celebration of former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's death by antifzschistische extreme opponents [26, 27]. A good photo of the flag, however lacking the information about the date and place of taking, was taken by mid-August . Tomislav Todorovic, 29 April [See all footnoted sources below ] Sources:. Photos have been found in at least two places.
This seems to be used extremely rarely in Germany, for none of its photos were found online so far, antifaschisische at the websites of two online shops based in Germany [24, 25]. While the logo looks off-center, its position, set close to the hoist, reveals that the flag was meant to have the ratio ofbut was originally made without a sleeve, so the hoist portion was eventually sewn into one, as is frequently done with home-made flags, neglecting the damage thus done to the flag de.
Central to the Antifa movement is the use of the epithet fascist. Tomislav Todorovic, 1 June Image by Tomislav Todorovic, 16 June ; derived from the SVG drawing of the logo from Wikimedia Commons The flag with red field may also bear the logo with with reversed colors of two flags.
One of the biggest antifascist campaigns in Germany in recent years was the ultimately successful effort to block the annual Nazi-rallies in the east German city of Dresden in Saxony which antufaschistische grown into "Europe's biggest gathering of Nazis". The earliest photos of the flag which can currently be found online date fromthe place and exact date not being specified [4, 5].
Antifa (antifaschistische) flag (red) - 5 x 3ft - calton books (sp) ltd
Eckhard Jesse notes that anti-fascism was ubiquitous in the language of the SED and used to justify repression such as the crackdown on the East German uprising of The election campaign for the July election is regarded as the most violent in German history. Diverging opinions on Israel has caused a split in the movement since the s.
In Berlin, it appeared on , on  and on . Inthe Red Front was banned as extremist by the governing social democrats after rallies escalated on Maifeiertag in Berlin, where 33 people were killed and many injured in the confrontations between police and protesters.