How to use Paypal with Banco Popular in the Dominican Republic – República Dominicana – video tutorials

How to use Paypal with Banco Popular in the Dominican Republic – Republica Dominicana – video tutorials

The first video was published on youtube by Popularenlinea on April 13th 2015 – Impulsa tu negocio con PayPal y Banco Popular (or Boost your business with PayPal and Banco Popular)

The second video was also published on youtube by Popularenlinea on April 13th 2015 – Cómo retirar tus fondos de PayPal en el Popular (or How to withdraw your PayPal funds in Banco Popular)

I hope that the foregoing tutorials are helpful to Americans and Dominicans who are looking for information regarding opening and linking Paypal accounts within their Banco Popular online bank accounts. It appears that linking accounts is supported and withdrawing funds is permitted.

Hopefully the process works effectively and efficiently in practice (i.e., in the real world).

Here is the link for online access to Banco Popular.

How to SIM unlock Walmart Family Mobile phones – HTC Desire 626s Android – S-OFF not needed

HTC Desire 626s Walmart Family Mobile SIM unlockI’ve unlocked a number of Walmart Family Mobile (powered by T-Mobile) HTC Desire 626s phones and the procedure, information, download links and files for unlocking are provided below.

Before we start I want to first make the following acknowledgements:

  •  HTC Desire 626s was released about a year ago (i.e., late summer 2015)
  •  HTC Desire 626s is a budget smartphone (but somewhat cool looking and the red/salmon & grey colors probably helps aesthetically)
  •  The SIM unlocking information provided below is applicable to other HTC models (not just the HTC Desire 626s) as well as HTC phones from other carriers (not just Walmart Family Mobile)

Today I’m working on unlocking another HTC Desire 626s which I’ll later be mailing to the person who requested who requested the phone and the unlock.

This will probably be the last HTC Desire 626s that I work on and I’ve decided to write and publish some tutorial-like information for unlocking this Walmart phone which includes, though is not limited to, the procedure for SIM unlocking which doesn’t require S-OFF for HTC.

Step one

On your your desktop or laptop you’ll need to go to this link: Android Studio – The Official IDE for Android

On that same page scroll down until you see the following platform download options:

android studio sdk for windowsDownload the zip (or tgz for Linux). Do not download the exe file.

Step two

Open the zip (or the tgz for Linux), extract the contents and look for SDK Manager.

Run the application (SDK Manager).

When the Android SDK Manager opens in a new window select only Android SDK Platform tools and then click install package.

A new folder titled platform-tools should show up in the first window.  Drag this folder out and place it in a location (e.g., desktop) where you’ll be able to easily locate it. You may also rename the folder (e.g., htc-sim-unlock).

Open that same folder and position your cursor anywhere inside and then hold the shift button and then right click.  Then select Open command window here.

A command prompt window should open –

adb android debug bridge command prompt window sim unlock

If you’d like a list of ADB (Android Debug Bridge) commands just type in adb and then hit enter.  However, you shouldn’t really need most these commands.

Step three

Power on your HTC phone (remove SIM card). If it’s brand new you may have to go through some initial setup.

After your HTC phone is powered on (and perhaps some basic setup) go to –

Settings / About / Software information / More / Build number

Now tap on Build number several times until its says that you are now a developer.

Now proceed to –

Settings / Developer options / USB debugging

Click the checkbox to allow USB debugging.

Now proceed to –

Settings / Developer options / OEM unlocking

Click the checkbox to allow bootloader to be unlocked.

Step four

Connect your HTC Android phone to your computer with USB cable.

In the command prompt window type in adb devices and then hit enter.

Your phone should show up (HTCserialnumber) followed by the word device.  If its says unauthorized then you’ve most likely done something incorrect in Step three (don’t worry, just verify your work and if everything was correct then conduct some of your own troubleshooting).

In the command prompt window now type in adb reboot bootloader and hit enter.

Your HTC Android phone should now reboot into Boatloader Mode –

android bootloader mode sim unlock

In the command prompt window now type in fastboot devices and hit enter.

Your phone should show up (HTCserialnumber) followed by the word fastboot.

Note that in the picture about the device is LOCKED and S-ON.

Also note that there is not a FASTBOOT mode listed.

We wont need FASTBOOT Mode (we’ll use Download Mode for the HTC Desire 626s) but we will use Fastboot commands.

It should also be noted that we wont need S-OFF to unlock the SIM (carrier unlock).

Step five

If you haven’t already registered with you’ll need to do so now. Don’t worry, it’s free and you can use the tools there as often as you like – SIM unlockNow login to and –

      a. Click on Developer Center

      b. Click get started under Unlock Bootloader

      c.  In the drop down menu (Select Your Device) under Supported Devices you can scroll to the very bottom bottom and select All Other Supported Models or if you like you can try to find your specific model.

      d. Click the Begin Unlock Bootloader

      e. Proceed to Unlock Instructions

Now in the command prompt window (you should still be in Bootloader Mode) type in fastboot oem get_identifier_token

Hit enter.

If you get a message indicating an unknown command then switch into Download Mode (Boot To Download Mode on your phone… look at one of the pictures above if you need help).  Now try it again – fastboot oem get_identifier_token

One of the two modes will work (for HTC Desire 626s you’ll probably need to be in Download Mode).

At this point you should be seeing an Identifier Token in the command prompt window that looks similar (yours wont be all zeros) to the following –

(bootloader) <<<< Identifier Token Start >>>>
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) 00000000000000000000000000000000
(bootloader) <<<<< Identifier Token End >>>>>

Now got to page 2 of the unlock instructions ( website) and scroll down on that page until you see an area where you can paste in My Device Identifier Token.

Copy (or right click, Mark and then highlight) your token from the command prompt window and paste it into the area on the unlock instructions page at

However, first you’ll need to delete all of the “(boatloader)” from the beginning of each line. The token above should be trimmed to look similar to the following example (yours wont be all zeros) –

<<<< Identifier Token Start >>>>
<<<<< Identifier Token End >>>>>

If you’ve done everything correct you should be receiving an email (typically takes just a minute or so to arrive) from which contains your unlock key –

htcdev unlock key sim unlockThe email should contain a .bin file attachment which you can download.

You can place this file in your platform-tools folder (or any other name that you may have renamed it to, I renamed mine as htc-sim-unlock) to make things simple. However, you can save the .bin file anywhere you want just as long as you can remember the path to that folder.

In the command prompt window (with your phone in Download Mode or in Boatload Mode for other HTC models) type in fastboot flash unlocktoken followed by the path to your .bin file

If you’ve saved the .bin file within your platform-tools folder you can type in fastboot flash unlocktoken Unlock_code.bin

Hit enter.

If you’ve done everything correct and the unlock token has completed flashing you should see the following screen on your HTC Android phone –

android sim unlock adb flash token unlock sim

Push volume up for YES and then the power button to continue.

Step six

Your phone should be rebooting by itself now.  If not just power it back on manually.

Congrats! Your phone (i.e., your phone’s bootloader) should now be unlocked!

To verify this (and also in order to continue on to SIM unlocking) you’ll need to repeat Step three (i.e., tap Build Number several times to become a developer, check USB debugging and check OEM unlocking).

Now on your computer in the command prompt window (open it again if you’ve closed it) (with your phone connect by USB) type in adb reboot bootloader

Hit enter.

After your phone reboots into bootloader you should see that you are now UNLOCKED –

 HTC android bootloader unlocked sim unlock s on

Note that under UNLOCKED we still have S-ON.  Don’t worry, as stated somewhere in the foregoing we wont need S-OFF for SIM unlocking (i.e., carrier unlock).

Now we need a custom mod or a mod recovery. At the site you can download them for many devices that run on Android.  You may browse through the list of HTC models and pick one that you prefer.

I don’t know whether or not there really is a specific mod build or mod recovery for the HTC Desire 626s but I have one that will work (it might have been for the HTC One, I can’t remember now and I renamed the file several months ago) that you can download and use:

After you’ve download the file provide directly above (or after downloading another custom rom from you’ll need to save the file to your platform-tools folder (or whatever name you’ve given it) or anywhere else just as long as you can remember the path to the file.

Now type the following into the command prompt window on your computer (in Download Mode or Bootloader Mode for other HTC models) – fastboot flash recovery followed by the path to your custom mod file

If you’ve saved the mod .img file within your platform-tools folder you can type in fastboot flash recovery cyanogenmod-htc-626s-android.img

Hit enter.

If you’ve done everything correct you should see something like the following screen on your phone –

cyanogenmod custom mod recovery HTC android flash adb command prompt window

Hit the power button and the flashing of the custom mod will be completed.

Now reboot your phone.

After your phone reboots you need to go back into Bootloader mode so type the following into the command prompt window on your computer – adb reboot bootloader

If there’s a problem or the phone isn’t showing up in command prompt window then repeat Step three (i.e., tap Build Number several times to become a developer, check USB debugging and check OEM unlocking).

When your phone is back in Bootloader mode then select BOOT TO RECOVERY MODE and verify (just to makw sure) that you see the something like the following screen –

cyanogen recovery system mod android 2016

Congrats! You’ve successfully flashed the CyanogenMod Recovery image!

Now select Reboot system now and then press the power button.

Step seven

You are nearly finished, everything is downhill from here!

You’ll need the latest version of SuperSu and you can easily pick that up at the following link –

As of today’s date (August 27, 2016) the version listed at the above link is [STABLE][2016.07.05] SuperSU v2.76

On that page do not download from the Google Play Store link.

You need to download the zip file which can be flashed to your phone.

You’ll probably see three zip files –

  1. stable version
  2. beta version
  3. latest version

I’m using the stable.

At this point your phone should be powered on (and not in the Bootloader) and connected with USB.

On your computer look for your HTC Desire 626s.  Open it and go into the phone’s internal storage –

HTC internal storage

Now drag (or paste) the SuperSU zip file (from wherever you have that saved on your computer) into your phone’s internal storage –

HTC internal storage supersu


Now in the command prompt window type in – adb reboot bootloader

Hit enter.

On your phone’s screen (now in Bootloader) select BOOT TO RECOVERY MODE.

You should see the Cyanogen Recovery screen now.

Select – Apply update and press power.

Select – Choose from internal storage and press power.

Select – 0/ and press power

Select and press power.

Android should be updating now for a few seconds.

Select – Reboot system now and press power.

Step eight

Behold! The final steps are upon us.

Make sure that your HTC phone is powered on (and not in bootloader mode) and connected with USB.

You’ll also now need to have a Micro SD Memory Card inserted into your phone.

In the command prompt window on your computer type in adb devices to verify that your phone shows up.  It should, but if it doesn’t it’s likely just some some small error – just troubleshoot and review this article again.

All that you are doing now in this last step is pulling out a SIM-locking (or carrier locking) file in your phone and pushing in a new SIM-unlock (or carrier unlock).

The name of the file that needs to be removed is mmcblk0p36

With the following four (4) adb commands you’ll be:

  1.  renaming the file that you need to pull out of the phone
  2.  pulling out that renamed file
  3.  pushing in a new file
  4.  renaming that new file to the original name of the file that needed to pulled out

You’ll need the new file first and you can download it right here at our site with this link –

Save that file in your platform-tools folder (or whatever you may have renamed the folder as).

Now in your command prompt window on your computer type in –

adb shell
shell@htc_a32eul:/ $ su
root@htc_a32eul:/ # dd if=/dev/block/mmcblk0p36 of=/sdcard2/mmcblk0p36old

..(some data appears here)

..(some data appears here)

..(some data appears here)

root@htc_a32eul:/ # exit
shell@htc_a32eul:/ $ exit

If you got stuck on the 3rd line (root@htc_a32eul) it’s because SuperSu is asking you to grant ADB Shell full access to your phone.  You may have missed the request, which only stays popped up on your phone’s screen for a number of seconds, while you were looking at the command prompt window on your computer –

abd shell super su android debugging bridge sim unlock


Be sure to grant the request (and if you need the request to pop up again just type in adb shell and su again).

After you get all of the above settled then type in –

adb pull /sdcard2/mmcblk0p36old
..(some data appears here)

Then type in –

adb push mmcblk0p36-rfg_8-UnLocked.txt /sdcard2/mmcblk0p36new

..(some data appears here)

Then type in –

adb shell
shell@htc_a32eul:/ $ su
root@htc_a32eul:/ # dd if=/sdcard2/mmcblk0p36new of=/dev/block/mmcblk0p36
..(some data appears here)
..(some data appears here)
..(some data appears here)
root@htc_a32eul:/ # exit
shell@htc_a32eul:/ $ exit

Step nine

Insert your SIM card and restart phone.


You’ve SIM-unlocked your phone!



Fun trivia question 1:  What does HTC stand for?

Fun trivia question 2:  Where is HTC from?

answer #1 – High Tech Computer Corporation

answer #2 – Taiwan

Lovers Lane TV – LGBT – YouTube based web series in Greenville Mississippi

Lover’s Lane is a relatively new and interesting Youtube tv show in it’s first season which is filmed in Greenville, Mississippi.

For readers who aren’t familiar with the area it’s located within the Mississippi Delta (not to be confused with the Mississippi River Delta).

Episode 1 – “Flashback” debuted on March 5th, 2016 and currently has been viewed at least 13,160 times.

The LGBT ( lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) cast includes the following:

Quin’Meka Shaw as J.D.  (appears to identify as a male)

Charlie Profit as Tim (gay male)

Cherilyn Collins as Lorie (appears to be lesbian or bisexual)

Kiara Johnson as Kristy and before her legal name change as Erica (appears to be lesbian or bisexual)

Krystal Felston as Shai (appears to identify as a male)

Arial Sykes as Shawn (appears to identify as a male)

Jazs Washington as Chloe (appears to be lesbian or bisexual)

Camissa Jackson as Ace (appears to identify as a male)

Adrienne Smith as ?

The show centers on a group of young (20s) black (or African American) friends in Greenville, Mississippi.  Each character appears to be either Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Transgender.

J.D. appears to sort of be the main character (at least for the time being) and Lorie and Kristy are his girlfriends and somehow he has a baby (adopted?) with Lorie.  Lorie appears to have been his main girl before he started dating Kristy and began caring equally for her.

Kristy moved to Greenville from somewhere else in Mississippi where she legally changed her name from Erica to Kristy (she changed her last name too).

Kristy seems to have been involved in some sort of way with some trouble (e.g., drug sales and purported death of her boyfriend/girlfriend) before moving to Greenville.

Shai, Shawn and Tim are good friends with J.D. and also the rest of the group (including Lorie).

Ace is new to Greenville and he is Shai’s cousin.  Ace also knows Kristy and it appears that they dated, or where in a relationship, before either of them moved to Greenville.  I’m not 100% certain or not if Ace knew that Kristy had quietly relocated to Greenville (and then followed her there) or if Ace only came because he has family there.  Kristy appeared to be shocked when Ace showed up in Greenville (at a party where the group of friends where hanging out at).

There’s also suspicion and some rumors indicating tha J.D. is also sleeping with Shawn’s girlfriend Chloe but this is likely not the case (or maybe it is) and just a misunderstanding after the two of them were spotted together while conducting innocent (?) errands regarding a gift which needed to be kept secret from Shawn for the time being.

Ace also appears to have been involved in some sort of way with the same trouble that Kristy was involved in before arriving in Mississippi.

Did Ace commit a murder before arriving in Greenville?

One thing is for certain and that is that Ace is extremely jealous (and appears to be obsessed with Kristy) and for the time being he and Kristy haven’t told anyone about knowing each other before Greenville and their secret past relationship.

Ace and Lorie (J.D.’s ex-main girl and baby’s mother) have stared dating and it appears that this may (or may not) be a revenge thing for Ace.  Lorie wasn’t originally aware that Ace had already met J.D. or any of her other friends. Moreover, she (like her friends) is still not aware of Ace and Kristy’s secret past.

Lastly (and most recently) it appears that Ace wants J.D. dead…

A list of all current episodes (with links) and upload dates are provided below:

Episode 2 – “Dirty Laundry” was uploaded on March 26, 2016

Episode 3 – “Who am I?” was uploaded on April 8, 2016

Episode 4 – “Rumors” was uploaded on April 23, 2016

Episode 5 – “Loyalty” was uploaded on May 8, 2016

Episode 6 – “Time Unfolds” was uploaded on May 22, 2016

Episode 7 – “True Love Never” was uploaded on June 22, 2016

Episode 8 – …

According to their Youtube channel Lover’s Lane was created by Franchester Clifton.

Contact email is listed as

I recognize many of the locations in Greenville where scenes were filmed.  For example, the inside of Freddie’s BBQ.  I thoroughly enjoyed watching episodes 1 thru 7 and I’m now patiently waiting for the overdue episode 8.

How to reverse the aging process with young human blood. (GDF11 ? and CREB ?)

young blood reverse aging process GDF11Reversing the aging process with young blood is an idea which I’ve had in my head as far as high school at George Washington Senior High School (1995 – 1998) and Clarinda Academy (Nov. 1995 – Nov. 1996).

I recently had the distinct pleasure of reading about the same idea in the online edition of the British newspaper, The Guardian.

Before I proceed further I want to note here that, according reporter Mark Sweney, the online edition of The Guardian became the world’s second (2nd) most popular English-language online newspaper in the world as of October, 2014.

Moreover, the online newspaper exceeded the traffic figures of the online version of The New York Times. The only English-language with more online visitors is the Daily Mail’s Mail Online (also British).

Apparently the only other online newspapers with more traffic are from China: (#1) Xinhua News Agency, (#2 ) People’s Daily Online and (#3) China Daily Sites.

First article published at The Guardian (2014)

The Guardian published an article titled, Infusions of young blood may reverse effects of ageing, studies suggest, on May 5th, 2014, by Ian Sample – science correspondent.

The article indicated that researchers in the United States were working on reversing the aging process in humans, and the harmful effects that it has on organs such as, though not limited to:

1) brain

2) heart

3) muscles

4) other organs

I’m hopeful that skin, the human body’s largest organ, is included in “other organs” because humans with the physical ability to live to age 200 (for example only) would not necessarily (or likely) want to look like they were 200 years old.

The article goes on to indicate that by giving old mice the blood of young mice that the following was subsequently observed:

a) reverse in age-related decline of memory

b) reverse in age-related decline of learning

c) reverse in age-related decline of brain function

d) reverse in age-related decline of muscle strength

e) reverse in age-related decline of stamina

Saul Villeda, PhD, of the University of California in San Francisco indicates that a protein called Creb (or CREB) was linked to an anti-aging effect that behaves as a chief regulator in the brain.

CREB stands for cAMP response element-binding protein. (NOTE: cAMP stands for Cyclic adenosine monophosphate)

The article goes on to state that other studies (these at Harvard University) appeared to indicate that blood from young mice rejuvenated the brain and muscle in old mice.

It should also be noted here that researchers at Harvard apparently “replicate the anti-ageing effects of young blood” with a blood protein called GDF11.  Apparently as mice grow older they naturally begin to have a lower amount of GDF11 in their blood.

GDF11 stands for Growth differentiation factor 11. (NOTE: also known as bone morphogenetic protein 11 or BMP-11)

Amy Wagers, PhD, of Harvard University, indicated that the protein GDF11 is identical in both humans and mice. Moreover, GDF11 is also existent in the bloodstream in humans.

Apparently GDF11 levels in humans shrink with age, as well. According to Wagers and her analyses infusions of GDF11 into older humans should likely produce the same reverse-aging effects.  She expects clinical trials of GDF11 in humans to begin in three (3) to five (5) years from now.

It should also be noted that in the above referenced article that Saul Villeda, PhD (University of California in San Francisco) stated, “I wish our manuscript could come with a big caption that says ‘Do not try this at home’. We need a clinical trial to see if this applies to humans, and to see if there are effects that we don’t want.”

Second article published at The Guardian (2015)

Last month (August 4th, 2015) Ian Sample – science correspondent at The Guardian published a second article regarding the use of young blood to reverse the aging process, Can we reverse the ageing process by putting young blood into older people?

In this new report we meet Tony Wyss-Coray, a professor of neurology at Stanford University. In the year 2008 he was leading a group of young researchers, including a PhD student named Saul Villeda (his name is referenced above in the first article), who were studying aging and neurodegeneration.

Professor Wyss-Coray’s students surgically conjoined older mice with younger mice. As the old mice received young blood they experienced a surge in brain cell growth in the hippocampus.

Furthermore, Professor Wyss-Coray and PhD student Villeda discovered that the old blood (from the older mice) had the opposite effect on young mice.  The young mice experienced a decline in brain cell growth (i.e., decline in the birth of new neurons).

Lastly, it appears that clinical trials (humans participants) has begun. Professor Wyss-Coray initiated the clinical trials of young blood infusions in October of 2014.  Apparently older individuals with Alzheimer’s are receiving infusions of blood from young individuals (NOTE: what age qualifies as young?) at the Stanford School of Medicine.

Readers can also listen to Ian Sample’s (of The Guardian) second article (which is a long, long read) rather than reading it:

In closing it should also be noted that in the year 1615 Andreas Libavius, a German doctor and chemist (and alchemist), put forward the idea of connecting the arteries of an old man to those of a young man. According to an account in the Textbook of Blood Banking and Transfusion Medicine (by Sally V. Rudmann) the German doctor/chemist stated, “The hot and spirituous blood of the young man will pour into the old one as if it were from a fountain of youth, and all of his weakness will be dispelled.”  However, there are evidently (?) no known surviving records of this blood transfusion having ever occurred.

What is /~bitsofev/ added url? Hacked, hacker hacking.

/~bitsofev/apple.deI’ve been developing another of my sites for several months now.

I wrote all the code for the site myself and I connect & interact with the database (mysql) using PDO (php data objects).

I discovered a strange url (I didn’t create it) at the above referenced site less than a month ago. After the forward slash following my domain name (or the main index file) the following segments are found in the path: /~bitsofev/

I only discovered the url because I use a web analytics called Clicky and saw that there was some traffic (not very much, maybe one or twice a day) arriving, directly, at this url.

At first I thought that one of the registered users at my site may have:

a.  uploaded a malicious file to the database

b.  or found an error in the code and subsequently exploited it

I even thought that I may have pinpointed a user who’s registration date was perhaps suspiciously close (1.5 days) to the first recorded traffic (according to Clicky) to /~bitsofev/

I abandoned this theory regarding the referenced user after I learned the following:

a.  I was using the free version of Clicky which provided history for only the last 30 days. I really and truly couldn’t know the first recorded date of traffic to the url

b.  I hadn’t been checking my site’s (the site with the strange added url) admin inbox and when I finally did I discovered an email from Google, which was dated August 4, 2015, warning me that they to had discovered the url.  The 30 day traffic history that I was viewing on Clicky didn’t go back that far (i.e., August 4, 2015) so I don’t know if the url was tracked in Clicky prior to that date.

c.  The possibly suspicious user registration date occurred sometime after the date of Google’s email (i.e., August 4, 2015).

The following is a reproduction of Google’s email:

Dear site owner or webmaster of,

We recently discovered that some pages on your site look like a possible phishing attack, in which users are encouraged to give up sensitive information such as login credentials or banking information. We have removed the suspicious URLs from search results and have begun showing a warning page to users who visit these URLs in certain browsers that receive anti-phishing data from Google.

Below are one or more example URLs on your site which may be part of a phishing attack:

Here is a link to a sample warning page:

We strongly encourage you to investigate this immediately to protect users who are being directed to a suspected phishing attack being hosted on your web site. Although some sites intentionally host such attacks, in many cases the webmaster is unaware because:

1) the site was compromised
2) the site doesn’t monitor for malicious user-contributed content

If your site was compromised, it’s important to not only remove the content involved in the phishing attack, but to also identify and fix the vulnerability that enabled such content to be placed on your site. We suggest contacting your hosting provider if you are unsure of how to proceed.

Once you’ve secured your site, and removed the content involved in the suspected phishing attack, or if you believe we have made an error and this is not actually a phishing attack, you can request that the warning be removed by visiting
and reporting an “incorrect forgery alert.” We will review this request and take the appropriate actions.

Google Search Quality Team

The site that we’ve been discussing doesn’t yet have many registered users (less than 10), and while it may be possible that one of them is responsible for the url, I have no objective evidence of this.

Typically a phishing site is a forgery of the original site. A few questions that I have been asking myself, and searching for the answer to, regarding /~bitsofev/ are as follows:

Scenario 1.  If this is url belongs to a forgery of my site then why does it show up in my real site’s web analytics?

Scenario 2.  If this url is not part of a forgery site then how did someone add this url to my real site?

Scenario 3.  If there is a link somewhere on a tracked page within my real site (which probably would show up in web analytics) which leads to a forgery site (if there is a forgery site) then how did this link become a part of my site?

Other observations that I have made regarding this url include the following:

a.  Someone using the following IP visits /~bitsofev/ every single day.

b.  The only visitor to the url who did not access the url directly was someone who got in through and the IP that was recorded was (Melbourne, Australia).

c.  The above b seems to indicated that someone got access using port 8085.

d.  Most of the other traffic arriving at /~bitsofev/ seems to come from Russia, The Netherlands and China (at least according to IP).

e.  I cannot find any sort of reference to this url in any of the files and code that the site consists of.

f.  I cannot find any sort of reference to this url in the mysql database that the site connects and interacts with.

The only advice that I can find at Stack Overflow is the following question (posted on August 27, 2015 by user somuch72) from an individual who is experiencing a similar problem:

my site hijacked, added url on my site and can’t be redirected

If anyone reading has encountered similar problems regarding a url being added to your site, or anything at all regarding ~bitsofev/, please leave a comment here with your thoughts.

UPDATE: MUCH CLOSER TO BEING SOLVED – November 7, 2015 – Read the comments

Negative SEO (negative search engine optimization)

Negative SEO is the practice of creating a substantial number of trashy backlinks to a website (especially a competitor’s site) with the objective of harming the site by deceptively making the site susceptible and vulnerable to being penalized by Google.

Negative search engine optimization may result in a site’s search rank being unjustly lowered or dropped by Google.

The video below (by former Google software engineer Matt Cutts) addresses some questions regarding negative SEO:

If you suspect that your website has been harmed by negative search engine optimization you may want to consider using Google’s Disavow Tool. By using their Disavow Tool you are asking Google to remove certain URLs from your ranking factor.

Matt Cutts discusses Google’s Disavow Tool in the video below:

GE General Electric – electric car (year 1979)

You wont gas it up. You’ll plug it in. That was the year 1979 electric car headline on the General Electric advertisement featured in Reader’s Digest magazine.

electric car 1979 GE

image credit: Reader’s Digest magazine, p. 201, August – 1979. GE – General Electric.

A Progress Report [year 1979] from General Electric:

The electric car. Today, the dream is finally starting to take shape. The experimental model that you see here could well point the way to the future.

GE didn’t build this car. That’s not GE’s business. But the car’s electric motor and its solid-state electronic controls came from GE technology.

GE is making a lot of progress in developing these motors and controls. Even so, electric cars still have a way to go. This one, for example, will travel only about 75 miles before its batteries need recharging.

Still, it’s a start. When electric cars do come along, GE will be ready for them.

Right now, GE is developing technologies for the next ten years – and beyond. In the laboratory is a fuel cell that combines hydrogen and oxygen to make electricity. Another kind of cell – the photovoltaic cell – generates electricity simply by sitting in the sun.

Technology is a practical way of helping solve problems that concern us all: pollution, disease, energy shortages, crime. GE is using its technology to make progress in all these areas.

Progress for People


DNA profiling: privacy violations & collateral effects

Last year I was conducting research regarding DNA data banks, DNA databases and DNA profiling. I stumbled upon a story (The New York Times) about a young 13 years of age Italian woman named Yara Gambirasio.

Yara Gambirasio DNA

image credit:, 2011. photograph of Yara Gambirasio with parish priest Don Corinne Scotti at a church in the town of Brembate Sopra, province of Bergamo (date unknown).

Yara Gambirasio lived in northern Italy in a region called Lombardy. On a Friday afternoon on the 26th day of November, 2010 she was at home with her parents at their home in a town called Brembate di Sopra (near the city of Bergamo) in the province of Bergamo.

Brembate di Sopra BG Italy Lombardy

Yara left her house that afternoon to visit a nearby gym.  According to Newsweek her passion was gymnastics. That evening she failed to return home.  Evidently she left the nearby gym at approximately 6:00 PM.  When she hadn’t returned home by 7:30 PM (and after several attempts to reach her by cell phone) her parents (Fulvio & Maura) contacted the police and reported her missing.

It should also be noted that it was snowing that evening and more so that night.

Three (3) months later on 25th day of February, 2011 the body of Yara Gambirasio was found approximately 6 miles from her house. Her body was frozen and some parts decomposed. Apparently she was attacked with a very sharp cutting object and there were several cuts on her body. However, it was subsequently determined that she did not die from the lacerations or from loss of blood.

According the the (Italy’s News in English) she suffered a head injury during that attack and died from exposure to the cold weather after she lost consciousness.

Forensic scientists found male DNA material on some of the Yara’s underclothing.

According to Newsweek a Police Lieutenant Colonel named Michele La Russo of the Raggruppamento Opere Speciali (ROS), who was the Carabinieri officer leading the murder investigation, stated “Despite exposure to the wind, rain and snow those two DNA traces were excellent. And we were able to exclude saliva and sperm. So that left blood.”

Lieutenant Colonel Russo also said that Yara Gambirasio had not been raped (penetration) but he asserted that. “There are many other ways to sexually abuse a girl, no?”


DNA Profiling

To the catch the killer the police conducted one of the largest DNA dragnets in the world.

The New York Times (July 26, 2014) indicated that genetic samples were taken from nearly 22,000 people.

Newsweek (November 10, 2014) indicated that genetic samples were taken from 15,000 people (in addition to combing DNA data banks).

The Guardian (January 8, 2015) indicated that genetic samples were taken from thousands of people. (August 5, 2013)  indicated that genetic samples were taken from 14,000 people. (June 17, 2014) again indicated that genetic samples were taken from 14,000 people.

Based on the foregoing I cannot ascertain an accurate number of how many individuals had genetic samples taken.

It should be noted that, by all accounts that I’ve read, all the DNA samples were administered voluntarily (no one was compelled by legal order).  According to The New York Times a prosecutor in the case, Letizia Ruggeri, who admitted that a court order could be issued if someone refused to be tested, stated that,“but I never needed one [court order for DNA sample] because everyone submitted to the test voluntarily.”

I that should also be noted that, according to Pennsylvania State University, the only other DNA dragnet that I could find of this scale occurred in 1998 in Germany:

  1. In what has perhaps been the largest DNA dragnet to date, in 1998 police in northwestern Germany obtained “16,400 DNA samples before matching a local mechanic with DNA left at the scene of a rape and murder” (Richard Willing. USA Today September 16, 1998, Wednesday, FINAL EDITION: NEWS; Pg. 1A).  In this case, the perpetrator Ronny Rieken “was among the thousands of men in the region who voluntarily supplied samples for DNA testing” (  Local police “used newspaper announcements to summon men from the suspected age group of 18 to 30 to have their mouths swabbed with cotton to collect saliva samples” (Id).

Police in Italy, according to The New York Times, initially focused the DNA testing on people “whose mobile phones had been used near where the Yara was abducted and killed.” Police indicated that there were approximately “120,000 phone owners intercepted in the area that night.


Big break in the case

Forensic scientists in Italy working to match DNA samples with the DNA found on Yara Gambirasio’s underclothing were analyzing the voluntary DNA samples of men who frequented a discoteca (nightclub) called Le Sabbie Mobili (Quick Sand) which is located near the field where Yara’s body was found.

The name of one of the young men was Damiano Guerinoni. Evidently, according Newsweek, his DNA was very similar to that of what was found on Yara’s underclothing.

It was ascertained that Damiano Guerinoni was, indisputably, a close relative of the killer.

It should also be noted that, according The Guardian, his mother, Aurora Zanni, worked for ten (10) years as maid or ‘domestic help’ for Yara’s family. Apparently Zanni worked twice a week at the family’s house throughout Yara’s childhood.

According to Newsweek Damiano Guerinoni’s father is one of eleven (11) brothers and sisters.

It appears that investigators obtained DNA and other information from the uncles and aunts of Damiano Guerinoni’s.

One of his uncles, Giuseppe Guerinoni, had died in year 1999 but investigators wanted a sample of his DNA.

In autumn of 2012 investigators contacted his widow, Laura Poli, and she supplied them with a box of documents which included paper driver’s license which contained an affixed postage stamp.

If Giuseppe Guerinoni licked the stamp himself the forensic investigators might be able to extract a DNA sample.

DNA was successfully obtained from the postage stampand, after comparison with the DNA found on Yara’s underclothing, it was determined to be an even closer match than that of his nephew Damiano.

The only problem now was the Giuseppe Guerinoni had died in year 1999 and Yara Gambirasio was killed in 2010.


Privacy Violations and Collateral Effects

Evidently the children of Giuseppe Guerinoni and his widow Laura Poli sumbitted DNA samples but were quickly ruled out as suspects.

At that point investigators ascertained that Giuseppe Guerinoni must have had a child out of wedlock (i.e., he committed adultry).  According the to, As Guerinoni died long before the murder happened, investigators believe that the killer could be his son from an illegitimate relationship in the 1960s or 1970s.

In order to ascertain the identity of this illegitimate child the investigators would first need to identify who the mother was.

Giuseppe Guerinoni’s widow (Laura Poli) was shocked that her husband may have had an affair and that he may have fathered a child out of wedlock.  When investigators asked her if she had any idea of who the other woman may have been she indicated that she did not and that she was unaware of her husband’s extra-marital activities.

Police tracked down a former colleague of her husband’s who indicated that, Yes, he [Giuseppe] was a ladies’ man and lots of young women travelled on his bus to and from work. One, at least, he got into trouble.

According to Newsweek the police in Italy tracked down 532 women who Giuseppe Guerinoni had known in his life and whom he may have had sexual relations with (who were still alive). Each of the 532 women provided a DNA sample.

The DNA of woman named Ester Arzuffi (in her late 60’s) matched the DNA that was found on the underclothing of Yara Gambirasio.  This indicated that she was:

(1) the mother of man who left his DNA on the underclothing of Yara Gambirasio

(2) the woman who Giuseppe Guerinoni had an extra-martial affair with, and fathered a child (illegitimate child) with, while he was married to his wife Laura Poli

Furthermore, according to Newsweek, it turns out that Ester Arzuffi has been married to a man named Giovanni Bossetti since year 1967. She was nineteen (19) years of age when they married.

She and her husband live in Brembate di Sopre (as did Yara Gambirasio).

They have (3) three children:

(a) twins whom were born in year 1970 – Massimo Giuseppe (son) and Laura Laetizia (daughter)

(b) son named Fabio

DNA testing determined that that her husband Giovanni Bossetti is not the father of the twins.

The father of Massimo Giuseppe (son) and Laura Laetizia (daughter) was Giuseppe Guerinoni.

Both the husband and the twins were apparently in the dark about this and never suspected anything.

According to Newsweek Ester Arzuffi denies that she ever had an affair with Giuseppe Guerinoni and she dismissed, as being inexplicable, the DNA results which indicated that her husband is not the father of her twins.

In addition, according to Newsweek, two (2) other men have came forward to the court (to a magistrate judge) in Italy indicating that they too had sexual affairs with Ester Arzuffi.

The full name of Ester Arzuffi’s son (the male twin) is Massimo Giuseppe Bossetti. It appears that he is in his mid 40’s, is married, has three (3) children and works as a carpenter.

Massimo Bossetti Yara Gambirasio

image credit: The Guardian, 2015. photograph of Massimo Giuseppe Bossetti (date unknown).

He, his wife and children live together in the town of Mapello which is adjacent to the town of Brembate di Sopra where Yara Gambirasio lived and was murdered.

In June of year 2014 Italian police set up a roadblock near their home and stopped Massimo while he was driving (his wife and children were in the car, as well) and breathalyzed him.

Apparently in Italy there may not need to be reasonable suspicion in order to be pulled over for things like drunk driving.

At any rate, police used the DNA on the breathalyzer to obtain his DNA.

According to Newsweek, the DNA on the breathalyzer and the DNA on Yara Gambirasio’s underclothing was a clear match. Apparently the DNA indicated 21 compatible markers. It appears that just 16 to 17 are typically considered as being sufficient.

Massimo Bossetti was arrested on the 16th day of June, 2014.  He has been in custody since.

He states that he is innocent. Moreover, according to Newsweek, his wife indicates that he is innocent and that she and their children were with him at their home the evening/night of the murder.

It appears that Massimo Bossetti is still in custody but that he has not been convicted of any crimes. Furthermore, it appears that there are many more twists and turns in this case and that mistakes may have been made in the investigation and errors with DNA testing.

I will likely publish followup reports on this story. For the time being please keep an eye on the upcoming comments attached to this report and feel free to post comments yourselves if you have pertinent, relevant or applicable information or data.

1963 – 1967: Bureau of Land Management (BLM) stole land from black Americans in Alabama (Lemon Williams and Lawrence Hudson)

This is my first report here at and I’m immensely grateful that you are here reading it.  I’ll be publishing an extensive variety of thought provoking news, original research, noteworthy information and editorials.

Earlier this year I learned that white Americans were stealing land from black Americans as recently as the year 1967. That was less than 50 years ago.

I’m an American and I was exceptionally troubled and unsettled after learning about this.  I decided to look further into the most recent occurrence (year 1967, from what I can ascertain, may be the most recent) and I was even more disturbed when I learned that this was the doing of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

Featured directly below is a photograph of Willie Williams (son of Lemon Williams, and grandson (or great-grandson?) of George Washington):


Lemon Williams Sweet Water Alabama black land stolen

image credit: Jet magazine, June 24, 2002. photograph of Willie Williams at his 40 acre property in Sweet Water (Marengo county), Alabama in 2002.

According to the December 4, 2001 edition of The Tuscaloosa News newspaper (pictured at the foot of this report) Willie Williams’ grandfather (or great-grandfather?), George Washington, purchased 240 (two-hundred and forty) acres of land in the year 1874.

The newspaper states that in the year 1963 the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) issued a notice to Willie Williams’ father (Lemon Williams) and uncle (Lawrence “L.B.” Hudson) indicating that a 1906 federal patent classified the land as swampland owned by the state (i.e., Alabama).  The notice said that they (i.e., Williams and Hudson) were “tenants” of the state on each of the respective 40 acre tracts (80 acres in total) that they had inherited and that they (i.e., Williams and Hudson) were not owners of the timber-rich ground as their deeds showed.

George Washington, Willie Williams’ grandfather (or great-grandfather?) conveyed or deeded the land to his children in the year 1900.

Tangible documents from year 1874 and year 1900, courthouse recorded, regarding the original purchase (1874) of the land and the conveyance (1900) of the land to children are available and have been preserved.

However, in the year 1964 the state officials in Alabama, with the aide of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and their year 1963 notice, initiated litigation in Marengo County to obtain quiet title to 40 acres of the land owned by Lemon Williams (Willie Williams’ father) and another 40 acres owned by Lawrence “L.B.” Hudson (Willie Williams’ uncle).

Evidently Lemon Williams (and his wife) and his brother Lawrence Hudson (and his wife) hired an attorney (J.C. Camp) in year 1964 and provided the him with their respective deeds to the land and $100.

In segregation-era Alabama it appears that they, as black Americans, didn’t have a chance of prevailing in the courthouse, especially when then opposing force was the Attorney General of Alabama.

On April 24, year 1967, Judge Emmett F. Hildreth (Circuit Court) awarded the land (80 acres in total) to the state of Alabama. However, he also ordered that Lemon Williams (and his wife) and his brother Lawrence Hudson (and his wife) could remain on the land until their deaths.

Lemons Williams died in 1983 and it appears that Lawrence Hudson died in 1975.

It should also be noted that prior the 1967 decision in the case that same judge (Emmett F. Hildreth) also wrote a letter (year 1965) to Alabama state officials stating that the black family had, “been in the possession of these lands about three generations. The effect of a decree favorable to the state of Alabama would be to dispossess these people and deprive them of these lands. Such action would create a severe injustice.

Apparently some of the records of this case (perhaps in the District Court where the case began?) were destroyed in a courthouse fire at some point (1965 fire at Marengo County courthouse?).  Furthermore, the attorney (J.C. Camp) who the family hired in 1964 has since died and never returned the tangible contemporary deeds which contained grantee names of Lemon Williams (and his wife) and his brother Lawrence Hudson (and his wife).

James Griggs director of state lands Alabama

James Griggs

In year 2001 James Griggs (or “Jim” Griggs), who at that time was the Director of the State Lands Division at the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, stated that, “The file shows the property was in the U.S. Government up until 1906 and then patented to the state [of Alabama].”

Griggs asserted that, There has only been two owners of the land, the federal government and the state.

In May, 2008 Griggs was appointed to the board of the Geological Survey of Alabama State Oil and Gas Board.

Willie Williams’ mother (now deceased) wrote letters to former governors of Alabama pleading for help regarding her family’s land.  Those letters are still on file with the state of Alabama.  Apparently the former governors decided not to help.

The land was finally returned –  

According to the June 1, 2002 edition of The Tuscaloosa News newspaper (pictured at the foot of this report along with the December 4, 2001 edition )

On May 31, year 2002 the Governor of Alabama, Don Eugene Siegelman, signed a document which transferred the 40 acres back to Willie Williams (son of Lemon Williams).

In an Associated Press report by Bill Poovey, which can be read in the June 6, 2002 online edition of the Southeast Missourian newspaper, the following is indicated:

He [Willie Williams] said the family would likely pursue its claim that an adjacent 40-acre farm, once owned by cousins [children of Lawrence Hudson], also was wrongly taken by the state.

He [Willie Williams] was unsure if he might seek some kind of additional compensation from the state for the land taking, which he said denied his family its use while state conservation officials collected fees for hunting rights.


December 4, 2001 edition of The Tuscaloosa News newspaper –

Lemon Williams Tuscaloosa News 2001 alabama black land stolen

Lemon Williams Tuscaloosa News 2001 alabama black land stolen 2


June 1, 2002 edition of The Tuscaloosa News newspaper –

Lemon Williams Tuscaloosa News 2002 alabama black land stolen